A total protein test measures the amount of protein in your blood, including albumin and globulin, while protein electrophoresis separates the different types of proteins in your blood to help diagnose specific medical conditions. Here are some reasons why you may need to have both tests done:
To diagnose or monitor medical conditions: Protein electrophoresis is often used to diagnose or monitor medical conditions that affect protein levels in the blood, such as multiple myeloma, Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia, and amyloidosis.
To evaluate liver and kidney function: Total protein levels are often used as a part of a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) to evaluate liver and kidney function. High or low protein levels in the blood can be an indicator of liver or kidney disease.
To assess nutritional status: Protein is an essential nutrient that is necessary for building and repairing tissues in the body. Low levels of total protein in the blood can be a sign of malnutrition or other nutritional deficiencies.
To monitor response to treatment: If you have a medical condition that affects protein levels, your healthcare provider may use total protein and protein electrophoresis testing to monitor your response to treatment.
Overall, total protein and protein electrophoresis tests can provide valuable information about your overall health and may be used to diagnose or monitor a variety of medical conditions. If you have concerns about your protein levels or overall health, it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider to determine if testing is appropriate for you.
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